Vaccinations and Your Child’s Health
The birth of a child can be an exciting experience for any new parents. However, parenting does present with various responsibilities beyond cleaning their diapers and sticking to a feeding schedule. Any person who has a baby will know this, but it is always best to be reminded of the delicacy of an infant and young child’s immune system.
This article will discuss the different types of standard children’s vaccinations that are recommended as a means of immunization against diseases.
Benefits of Childhood Vaccinations
A vaccine is important to obtain because it contributes to the significant reduction of potentially life-threatening childhood diseases, such as tetanus, whooping cough, polio, diphtheria, and hepatitis B. Many parents have been warned that children could have a negative reaction to certain vaccines. However, the reaction to a vaccine is smaller than the risk of a serious contagious illness being suffered by the child.
Statistics show that the USA vaccine coverage rate is as high as the result of successful vaccine problems, meaning that infant deaths caused by childhood diseases are at an all-time low.
A further benefit of having a child vaccinated is the protection of other children in the community. The diseases one will be immunized against are often contagious; therefore, there is a strong chance that the infection may spread without preventative measures. A vaccination will minimise the spread of the infection by stimulating the body to make antibodies that recognize and target the virus, eliminating them from the child’s system.
The Standard Children’s Vaccinations
Below is a list of the contagious diseases that a parent can prevent by having their child vaccinated according to a standard vaccination schedule:
Diphtheria – this virus is one that can infect the throat. The bacterium grows and will develop a thick covering over the throat resulting in problems breathing, paralysis, or heart failure.
Whooping cough – this disease is a common infection caused by a highly contagious bacteria often spread by droplets. Whooping cough will result in an infection of the upper respiratory system causing difficulty to breath and a heavy cough. Severe complications of this disease, which make it life-threatening, are that the lack of oxygen to the brain can result in brain damage or death.
Tetanus – tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is caused by the bacteria clostridium tetani. This bacterium is typically contracted through open wounds being exposed to the bacteria in the environment. It spreads through the blood stream and will cause muscle spasms in the jaw area, thus resulting in a difficulty to speak or breathe. The child can also experience pain or stiffness in the shoulders, neck and back area.
Polio – polio is one of the most common vaccinations to be obtained as it is one of the most life-threatening. The virus presents with headaches, nausea, vomiting, tiredness, and muscle pain or stiffness. While these are mere symptoms, the final result of polio can be meningitis and death.
Hepatitis B – hepatitis B is a virus that affects primarily the liver. It can cause liver infections, liver damage, liver cancer, or death. The symptoms shown often include tiredness, lack of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, muscle and joint pain, jaundice, and rashes.